John J. Burns Library
Archives and Manuscripts
Chestnut Hill, MA 02467
|Creator:||Mannin, Ethel, 1900-|
|Title:||Ethel Mannin - Gilbert Turner papers, 1922-1981 (bulk 1943-1981)|
|Extent:||ca. 2 linear ft. (6 boxes)|
|Abstract:||Collection of materials relating to the life and work of English author Ethel Mannin.|
Ethel Mannin - Robert Huxter papers
[after identification of item(s)], Ethel Mannin - Gilbert Turner papers, Archives and Manuscripts, John J. Burns Library, Boston College.
The oldest of three children, Ethel Edith Mannin was born on October 6, 1900 in Clapham, a suburb of London, to Robert Mannin and Edith Gray Mannin. She was author of almost one hundred books (her goal was to publish one novel and one work of nonfiction each year). She published novels, travelogues, autobiographies, children's books, collections of short stories, books on child-rearing as well as articles on pacifism and the Arab-Israeli conflict.
From an early age, Mannin was determined to be a writer and began writing at the young age of seven. Her first short story was written at the age of ten. At age fifteen, Mannin ended her formal education and found employment as a stenographer for the Charles F. Highman Advertising Agency. Two years later, she became the associate editor The Pelican (a theatrical and sporting periodical) and held that position until 1919, when the magazine ceased publication.
Mannin married Alexander Porteous in 1919. Porteous wrote copy and later became the general manager of Highman's. Their marriage produced one child, Jean. Mannin spent very little time with her husband, preferring the company and lifestyle of her literary and left-leaning political friends. They would divorce in 1938. Mannin married Reginald Reynolds, a Quaker peace activist and friend of Mahatma Gandhi, that same year.
In 1923, Mannin entered a first-novel competition. Though it did not win the competition, Martha was published by the contest's sponsors. Her first commercially and critically successful novel came with the publication of Sounding Brass (1925). Mannin's satirical look at life in the twenties was based on her experience in the London advertising world. Critics often compared it to Sinclair Lewis's Main Street and Babbitt. One of her most popular novels was Late Have I Loved Thee (1948) which depicted a man's conversion to Catholicism and vocation to the priesthood. Mannin was often praised for her superior character development. She wanted to portray characters whom she described as "real people" who "eluded class distinctions." Critics often faulted her writing for being too concerned with her own personal political and social views, making her novels propagandistic. Her novels often deal with contemporary events. The Road to Beersheba is an example of this. Mannin wrote this novel in response to Leon Uris's popular and pro-Israeli novel Exodus. She was fervently anti-Zionist and very concerned over the plight of Palestinean refugees.
Even Mannin's nonfiction became controversial. E. F. Allen of the New York Times describes her book Forever Wandering as a "travel notebook of a British novelist, who takes for granted that the world is interested in her observations and reaction...Although [she] is opinionated to point of irritation, she is honest in her attitudes and exuberant in her style or writing." Her first autobiographical work, Confessions and Impressions, was considered shocking at the time of its publication in 1930. The work, which included detailed accounts of extramarital affairs, caused an immediate scandal and earned her a reputation as an "angry woman." The book was written in part to scandalize the older generation and upset their conservative social values. Her profession of modernist sexual mores and advocacy of leftist causes gave Mannin a reputation as being both bohemian and risqué.
Though Mannin's permanent residence was England (for much of her life in Wimbledon and later in Devon), Mannin also maintained a cottage in Connemara, Ireland. Unable to travel to the continent during World War Two, Mannin spent months at a time in Ireland. One of her more well-known works was Connemara Journal (1947), an account of Mannin's pleasure in her isolated existence in Ireland. Her father was of Irish descent and she had a lifelong fondness for Ireland and all things Irish.
Mannin died in 1984 after a decline subsequent to fracturing her pelvis.
Sources: Aspinall, Dana. "Ethel (Edith) Mannin," in Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 195: British Travel Writers, 1910-1939. Edited by Barbara Brothers and Julia M. Gergits. (Detroit, MI: The Gale Group, 1998): pp. 216-234.
Crosland, Margaret. "Ethel Mannin," in Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 191: British Novelists Between the Wars. Edited by George M. Johnson. (Detroit, MI: The Gale Group, 1998): pp. 217-221.
Gilbert Turner was born in Bournemouth, England in 1911. He was educated at the University of London General School and also received the Fellowship of the Library Association.
Turner started working in libraries in 1927 and spent his first eighteen years working at libraries in Bournemouth, Twickenham and Chelsea. Beginning in 1946, he became the Borough Librarian of the London Borough of Richmond on the Thames. He had a love of classical music and was an instrumental force in bringing record collections to the public libraries under his administration. Remarking on Turner's retirement in 1973, a newspaper noted that he was "one of the last of an older school of public librarians" as a librarian of his day "had to be a scholar, a historian, a literary enthusiast, an art expert and an administrator."
Upon retirement, he moved from Windsor, England and settled in Y Rhiw, Gwynedd, Wales. Turner spoke Welsh and was accepted into this small village in Northern Wales. He spent these years happily gardening both fruits and flowers. Turner's friends knew him as a great correspondent as their letters were promptly answered and his letters were full of detail. He was also a staunch Roman Catholic and lifelong bachelor. Turner died on February 9, 1983.
Organized into two series: (1) Correspondence and (2) Visual material.
Mannin, Ethel, 1900- --Correspondence.
Reynolds, Reginald, 1905- --Correspondence.
Reynolds, Reginald, 1905-
Turner, Gilbert, 1911-
Authors, British--20th century--Correspondence.
Authors, Irish--20th century--Correspondence.
Ireland--Description and travel.
Middle East--Description and travel.